They have a son, Stephen and a daughter, Rachel. Neil Kinnock. After Labour Listens, the party went on, in 1988, to produce a new statement of aims and values—meant to supplement and supplant the formulation of Clause IV of the party's constitution (though, crucially, this was not actually replaced until 1995 under the leadership of Tony Blair) and was closely modelled on Anthony Crosland's social-democratic thinking—emphasising equality rather than public ownership. As a result, Labour faced the 1987 general election in some danger of finishing third in the popular vote, with the Conservatives once again expected to secure a comfortable victory. Wilson was the party leader and outgoing [24] Labour was still more than ten percentage points behind the Conservatives, who retained a three-figure majority in the House of Commons. 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"No prime minister in Britain will ever be able to go to war without the endorsement of a majority of the House of Commons." [32], Public reaction to Major's elevation was highly positive. The Conservatives also regained the Fulham seat which it had lost to Labour at a by-election just over a year earlier. It was two days before the General Election. He scribbled the notes from which he delivered the speech in the car on the way to the rally, and his voice was hoarse from campaigning. Kinnock led the Labour Party to a surprise fourth consecutive defeat at the 1992 general election, despite the party being ahead of John Major’s Conservative government in most opinion polls, which had predicted either a narrow Labour victory or a hung parliament. Mandelson and his team had revolutionised Labour's communications – a transformation symbolised by a party election broadcast popularly known as "Kinnock: The Movie". When she was made a life peer in 2009, they became one of the few couples both to hold titles in their own right. [62], He was portrayed by both Chris Barrie and Steve Coogan in the satirical TV programme, Spitting Image and by Euan Cuthbertson in the Scottish film In Search of La Che. Neil Kinnock’s speech in Bridgend, Glamorgan, on 7 June 1983, rates as one of the finest speeches ever made in British politics. Kinnock supported the aim of the strike – which he dubbed the "case for coal" – but, as an MP from a mining area, was bitterly critical of the tactics employed. [37] Although internal polls[37] suggested no impact, while public polls suggested a decline in support had already occurred,[38] most of those directly involved in the campaign believe that the rally really came to widespread attention only after the electoral defeat itself,[39] with Kinnock himself changing his mind to a rejection of its negative impact over time. Kinnock was one of just six MPs in South Wales who campaigned against devolution, with Kinnock personally backing an amendment to the Wales Act stating that devolution would require not only a simple majority, but also the backing of 40% of the entire electorate. Following Labour's defeat at the 1979 general election, James Callaghan appointed Kinnock to the Shadow Cabinet as education spokesman. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The majority in the group were now disenchanted with entryism, and chose to function outside Labour's ranks, forming the Socialist Party. From 1983 to 1992, Kinnock was leader of the Labour Party and led the Party into the elections defeats of 1987 at the hands of Margaret Thatcher, and 1992 at the hands of John Major. The US president-elect says the nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been "a dismal failure". [21], In early 1987, Labour lost a by-election in Greenwich to the SDP's Rosie Barnes. Neil Kinnock (1942–) turned down James Callaghan’s offer of junior posts in his government, and was therefore entirely without ministerial experience when he became Labour leader in 1983, though he has subsequently served as vice president of the European Commission. [citation needed] Kinnock focused on modernising the party, and upgrading its technical skills such as use of the media and keeping track of voters, while at the same time battling the Militants. [57] His wife was the UK's Minister for Africa and the United Nations from 2009–2010, and a Labour Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 1994–2009. Neil Kinnock and Ronald Reagan 1987 Neil Kinnock never did become prime minister. Read about our approach to external linking. A lot of why Neil Kinnock (Lord Kinnock) did not become PM is because of his South Wales Accent. Briefing papers not 'verbose' enough to be revealed, Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion. After the party suffered a landslide defeat in the 1983 election, Kinnock was elected Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition. [citation needed]. The Conservatives' 1986 conference was well-managed, and effectively relaunched the Conservatives as a party of radical free-market economic liberalism. In 1924, Ramsay MacDonald became the first ever Labour Prime Minister, leading a minority administration which lasted nine months. [34] Since Major's election as Leader of the Conservative Party (and becoming Prime Minister), Kinnock had spent the end of 1990[35][dead link] and most of 1991 putting pressure on Major to call a general election that year, but Major had held out and by the autumn he had insisted that there would be no general election in 1991. [27] This led to Biden's withdrawal of his presidential campaign. Neil Kinnock LONDON: When he first ran for the White House in 1987, Joe Biden's candidacy was destroyed by a plagiarism row. It is not uncommon for a retired Leader of the Labour Party to be granted a peerage upon their retirement, particularly if they served as Prime Minister; examples of this include Clement Attlee and Harold Wilson. [63], Kinnock has been described as an agnostic[64] and an atheist. Kinnock had a long career in British politics, though like Biden to date, at least, he never reached the top position in government. Neil Gordon Kinnock, Baron Kinnock PC (born 28 March 1942) is a British politician. [44] Less expected was the Financial Times backing Kinnock at the 1992 general election. [12] In 1985, he made his criticisms public in a speech to Labour's conference:[13].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, The strike wore on. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}This has to be one of the more ironic disclosures I have received in response to a Freedom of Information request. Kinnock was known as a left-winger, and gained prominence for his attacks on Margaret Thatcher's handling of the Falklands War in 1982, although it was in fact this conflict which saw support for the Conservative government increase, and contribute to its landslide re-election the following year. He stressed economic growth, which had a much broader appeal to the middle-class than the idea of redistributing wealth to benefit the poor. He resigned unexpectedly in 1976. The former Labour leader Neil Kinnock has privately warned party colleagues that backing a Brexit deal could be politically “lethal”, saying the prime minister must be made to “own” it. In December 1989, he abandoned the Labour policy on closed shops—a decision seen by many as a move away from traditional socialist policies to a more European-wide agenda, and also a move to rid the party of its image of being run by trade unions. Previously living together in Peterston-super-Ely, a village near the western outskirts of Cardiff, in 2008 they relocated to Tufnell Park, London, to be closer to their daughter and grandchildren.[58]. He was an enthusiastic supporter of Ed Miliband's campaign for leadership of the Labour Party in 2010, and was reported as telling activists, when Miliband won, "We've got our party back" – although Miliband, like Kinnock, failed to lead the party back into government, and resigned after the Conservatives were re-elected with a slim majority in 2015. [16] Earlier in the year, left-wing councils had protested at Government restriction of their budgets by refusing to set budgets, resulting in a budget crisis in the Militant-dominated Liverpool City Council. Labour overtook the Conservatives at the 1989 European elections, winning 40% of the vote; the first time Labour had finished in first place at a national election in fifteen years. You start with far-fetched resolutions. Upon his becoming an MP, his father said "Remember Neil, MP stands not just for Member of Parliament, but also for Man of Principle.". [59] Neil Kinnock, through his son Stephen, is also the father-in-law of Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the former Danish Prime Minister. He was almost immediately in serious difficulty as a result of Arthur Scargill's decision to lead his union, the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) into a national strike (in opposition to pit closures) without a nationwide ballot. Recognising that, we should stop Brexit to save the NHS – or, at very least, mitigate the damage by seeking European Economic Area membership.”[56], Kinnock met Glenys Kinnock (née Parry) in the early 1960s whilst studying at University College, Cardiff, where they were known as "the power and the glory" (Glenys the power), and they married on 25 March 1967. A version was first publicly disclosed in 1996, by the man who beat Lord Kinnock, Sir John Major. [61] He is also a follower of rugby union and supports London Welsh RFC at club level, regularly attending Wales games. However, by the end of 1991, the Conservative majority still stood at 88 seats and Labour needed to win more than ninety new seats to gain an overall majority, although there was still the hope of forming a minority or coalition government if Labour failed to win a majority. His first period as party leader between the 1983 and 1987 general elections was dominated by his struggle with the hard-left Militant tendency, then still a dominant force in the party. This began with an exercise dubbed the policy review, the most high-profile aspect of which was a series of consultations with the public known as "Labour Listens" in the autumn of 1987.[29]. Coincidentally, at the same time, his son Stephen became head of the British Council branch in St. Petersburg, Russia. He comfortably lost the 1987 general election, but almost won in 1992. And I'd much prefer to have his savage hatred than even the merest hint of friendship from that man."[14]. This made him disliked by many EU staff members, although the pressure on budgets that largely drove these changes had actually been imposed on the Commission from above by the Member States in Council. Labour leader: 1955-1963) The case for: With the exception of Neil Kinnock, no post-war politician has done the hardest job in British politics (Leader of Her Majesty’s Opposition)… Kinnock was a long-time critic of the House of Lords, and his acceptance of a peerage led him to be accused of hypocrisy, by Will Self,[53] among others.[54]. Kinnock remained as education spokesman following the resignation of Callaghan as Leader of the Labour Party and the election of Michael Foot as his successor in late 1980. Republicans clash over impeachment as trial looms, Growing concern over Brazil coronavirus variant, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos, Rise and fall of the Spanish state's secret fixer, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion. Clement Attlee would become the first Labour leader to lead a majority government in 1945. Labour won extra seats in Scotland, Wales and Northern England, but lost ground particularly in Southern England and London, where the Conservatives still dominated. ... No prime minister in Britain will ever be able to go to war without the endorsement of a majority of the House of Commons. The first to be born in Wales was Neil Kinnock, who was elected in 1983. However, Neil Kinnock was also elevated to the House of Lords, despite never being Prime Minister, and Michael Foot declined a similar offer. He returned as prime minister in 1974 and held Britain's first referendum on membership of the European Economic Community, as it was then called, in 1975. It is a document that was never used. It was prepared by the civil service in case the 1992 general election resulted in a Labour victory and Neil Kinnock became prime minister. In 1988, Kinnock was challenged by Tony Benn for the party leadership. Under his leadership, the Labour Party abandoned unpopular old positions, especially the nationalisation of certain industries, although this process was not completed until future party leader Tony Blair removed Clause IV from the party's manifesto in 1995. War Will House. Chancellor of the Exchequer: 1950-51. [33], By now Militant had finally been routed in the party, and their two MPs were expelled at the end of 1991, in addition to a number of supporters. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Opinion polls showed that voters favoured retaining the United Kingdom's nuclear weapons, (Labour's policy, supported by Kinnock, was of unilateral nuclear disarmament), and believed that the Conservatives would be better than Labour at defending the country. He was first elected to the House of Commons on 18 June 1970, and became a member of the National Executive Committee of the Labour Party in October 1978. .css-2kny4l-ContributorLink{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#B80000;}.css-2kny4l-ContributorLink:hover,.css-2kny4l-ContributorLink:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Martin RosenbaumFreedom of information specialist. Wilson was the party leader and outgoing prime minister (1964-70; 1974-76) when Kinnock was elected to parliament. In the run-up to the election, held on 9 April 1992, most opinion polls had suggested that the election would result in either a hung parliament or a narrow Labour majority. [7], He has been married to Glenys Kinnock since 1967. The Cabinet Office turned down my request for them, the Information Commissioner upheld this refusal for the bulk of the material, but instructed the Cabinet Office to release this particular document. He did a lot to reform the Labour party and make it possible for the New Labour group lead by Tony Blair to have real influence in the party. Neil Kinnock, a 41-year-old Welshman who has never held ministerial office, was chosen tonight to lead the Labor Party by the party's annual conference. “Wilson didn’t wield the power he got with a big majority to make the party sing from the same hymn sheet — loud, strong and proud — and he was overtaken by prime ministeritis,” Kinnock … ... We have to elect a leader capable of taking us to victory in the 2020 election and of being Labour prime minister. As a member of the Labour Party, he served as a Member of Parliament from 1970 until 1995, first for Bedwellty and then for Islwyn. They have two children – son Stephen Kinnock (born January 1970, now a Labour MP), and daughter Rachel Kinnock (born 1971). [67], Media related to Neil Kinnock at Wikimedia Commons, (Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud), For a history of the Militant tendency in the Labour Party, see Eric Shaw, Notably when Kinnock appeared, as the guest presenter in an episode of, Vice-President of the European Commission, European Commissioner for Administrative Reform, Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science, University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire, National Executive Committee of the Labour Party, protested at Government restriction of their budgets, "South East Wales Public Life – Neil Kinnock – Labour politician from Tredegar", "Kinnock is Leader at his Rachel's Wedding Party", "1983: 'Dream ticket' wins Labour leadership", "Leader's speech, Bournemouth 1985: Neil Kinnock (Labour)", "Neil Kinnock, Militant speech, Labour party conference, October 1985", "UK General Election 1987 Campaign – Kinnock the Movie", "Summary results of the 1987 General Election", "VOTE2001 | THE ELECTION BATTLES 1945–1997", "Biden's Debate Finale: An Echo From Abroad", "Biden Withdraws Bid for President in Wake of Furor", "Mrs Thatcher Resigns – BBC 1 O'Clock News", "Poll tracker: Interactive guide to the opinion polls", "Ballet star shows off charity portraits", "Rupert Murdoch: 'Sun wot won it' headline was tasteless and wrong", "Mirror Style Guide: Front page headline of the Mirror, 1987", "General Election 2010 – A century of Daily Mirror front pages – Mirror Online", "BBC One – Coming Home, Series 6, Neil Kinnock", House of Lords Journal 238 (Session 2004–05), Neil Kinnock warns Jeremy Corbyn: ‘Stop Brexit to save the NHS’, "New faces: Alan Sugar and Glenys Kinnock", "Ed Miliband: he may be an atheist, but is he a secularist? Later many identified this as a particularly low period in Kinnock's leadership — as he appeared mired in internal battles after five years of leadership with the Conservatives still dominating the scene, and being ahead in the opinion polls. Is now the time for Neil Kinnock’s Labour to take back power after over a decade in the wilderness? [50] His term of office as a Commissioner was due to expire on 30 October 2004, but was delayed owing to the withdrawal of the new Commissioners. He accepted membership in the European Economic Community, whereas the party had pledged immediate withdrawal from it under Michael Foot. Neil Kinnock, a 41-year-old Welshman who has never held ministerial office, was chosen tonight to lead the Labor Party by the party's annual conference. He was the Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition from 1983 until 1992. Share with your friends. But he knew that to achieve office he had to show that he could build a relationship with America's president. "No prime minister in Britain will ever be able to go to war without the endorsement of a majority of the House of Commons." He was obliged to resign as part of the forced, collective resignation of the Commission in 1999. Having replaced Margaret Thatcher three years previously, the new Prime Minister, John Major, has had to face economic difficulties and divisions within his party as he attempts to keep the Tories in power. Between August 1966 and May 1970, he worked as a tutor for a Workers' Educational Association (WEA). Many years later, he returned to appear as a guest host of the programme. [28], The second period of Kinnock's leadership was dominated by his drive to reform the party's policies to gain office. One Liverpool MP, Eric Heffer, a member of the NEC left the conference stage in disgust at Kinnock's comments. He had dismissed going to the Lords in recent interviews. His ambition was noted by other MPs, and David Owen's opposition to the changes to the electoral college was thought to be motivated by the realisation that they would favour Kinnock's succession. The following year, Kinnock obtained a postgraduate diploma in education. He discarded the rhetoric of class warfare. As for the other documents prepared for Neil Kinnock in 1992, the BBC is appealing the case to the Information Rights Tribunal. Wilson’s lecturing style was punctuated with jokes. When heckled at a Labour Party rally for referring to the killing of David Wilkie as "an outrage", Kinnock lost his temper and accused the hecklers of "living like parasites off the struggle of the miners" and implied that Scargill had lied to the striking miners. But the intriguing feature of the Kinnock version is point two, where the draft says he will publish this guidance note "in accordance with our policy on freedom of information". [51][52] On assuming his seat, he stated; "I accepted the kind invitation to enter the House of Lords as a working peer for practical political reasons." Who should have been Prime Minster but never got the chance? In the end, though, Kinnock won a decisive victory over Benn and would soon enjoy a substantial rise in support.[30]. He did a lot to reform the Labour party and … [citation needed]. He led Labour through its third election defeat when Margaret Thatcher won the 1987 general election, although Labour regained some seats. The moment things are said to have turned badly for Neil Kinnock in the 1987 election was when he swaggered on stage at a Sheffield rally in the last week of … Kinnock greeted Thatcher's resignation by describing it as "very good news" and demanded an immediate general election. Mr Kinnock managed to change Labour, making it a credible party of the disaster of the late 1970s and early 1980s. He led the party during most of the Thatcher administration. Following Labour's landslide defeat at the 1983 general election, Michael Foot resigned as Leader of the Labour Party aged 69, and from the outset; it was expected that the much younger Kinnock would succeed him. John Smith, previously Shadow Chancellor, was elected on 18 July as his successor.[45]. ", In 2004, Kinnock said of Scargill, "Oh I detest him. [citation needed], In the three years leading up to the 1992 general election, Labour had consistently topped the opinion polls, with 1991 seeing the Conservatives (rejuvenated by the arrival of a new leader with John Major the previous November) snatch the lead off Labour more than once before Labour regained it. He resigned unexpectedly in 1976. He has been married to Glenys Kinnock since March 25, 1967. Overview. He remains on the Advisory Council of the Institute for Public Policy Research, which he helped set up in the 1980s. [8], In June 1969, he won the Labour Party nomination for Bedwellty in South Wales, which became Islwyn for the 1983 general election. A new Prime Minister and the fact that Kinnock was now the longest-serving current leader of a major party reduced the impact of calls for "Time for a Change". Shortly afterwards, he resigned as Leader of the Labour Party, being succeeded in the ensuing leadership election by John Smith. [42] The following day's headline in The Sun was "It's The Sun Wot Won It", which Rupert Murdoch, many years later at his April 2012 appearance before the Leveson Inquiry, stated was both "tasteless and wrong" and led to the editor Kelvin MacKenzie receiving a reprimand. I think the Prime Ministers grow into the job and that if he had become Prime Minister in 1987 or 92 (I voted Labour on both those occasions and therefore hoped he would be) Neil Kinnock might have been a better leader than many give him credit for. [65][66] Like his wife, he is a Patron of Humanists UK. Kinnock announced his resignation as Labour Party leader on 13 April 1992, ending nearly a decade in the role. Elected to the House of Commons in 1970, he became the Labour Party’s shadow education minister after the Conservatives won power in the 1979 general election. He is an actor, known for Tracey Ullman: My Guy (1984), UK General Election (1950) and The Brain Drain (1993). He was introduced to the House of Lords on 31 January 2005, after being created, on 28 January, Baron Kinnock, of Bedwellty in the County of Gwent. [41], The Labour-supporting Daily Mirror had backed Kinnock for the 1987 general election[43] and again in 1992. ", Neil Kinnock on the Home Secretary’s ambitions, and Cameron, contributions in Parliament by Neil Kinnock, Announcement of his introduction at the House of Lords, Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom, Leaders of the Opposition of the United Kingdom, European Commissioners for Administrative Affairs, Audit and Anti-Fraud, European Commissioners from the United Kingdom, History of the socialist movement in the United Kingdom, Trade Union and Labour Party Liaison Organisation, Organisations associated with the Labour Party, Labour Friends of Palestine & the Middle East, National Union of Labour and Socialist Clubs, Socialist Environment and Resources Association, Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Neil_Kinnock&oldid=997740755, Leaders of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People associated with Cardiff University, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with dead external links from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with UKPARL identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:42. 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