~1982: Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into sixteen regions. [4][5] To this end, the legislature in December 2014 passed a law establishing the Boundary and Federalization Commission. Mr. The ecosystem's flora includes many tall trees rising to 30 meters or higher. Archeological evidence supports the idea that most of the coastline of present day Somalia had been settled by AD 100. The ecoregion is shared among Kenya, Tanzania, southern Somalia, and Mozambique. Climate variation rarely occurs due to Somali proximity to the equator. Somali al Shabaab fighters have seized a small port in the semi-autonomous Puntland region, the latest sign of a resurgence in activity by the Islamist militants in the Horn of Africa nation. The Republic of Somaliland is a de facto independent country with limited recognition that is located in the north of the Horn of Africa, adjacent to the Federal Republic of Somalia, a member state of the United Nations which claims Somaliland as its territory. Some species are also found in mainland Kenya along the Tana River and the coastal forests remnants. The information existing on the biodiversity of the ecosystem is old and potentially unreliable due to the change in climate, urbanization, civilization, and other human activities and natural phenomenon. Strict endemic reptiles of the area include the spalerosophis and Leptotyphlops snakes and the pseuderemias lizard. The East African mangroves are found along the coast from Kismaayo to the Kenyan border. A series of offensives last year by the African Union force AMISOM and the Somali National Army had driven al Shabaab out of major strongholds in the southern region of Somalia. The ecosystem is home to endemic bird species such as the Treron and Otus species on the Island of Pemba. Go back to see more maps of Somalia. The name is also used to refer to the Republic of Somaliland, a self-declared independent country in the Horn of Africa. England. Banaadir Region is divided into 17 districts. ISIS has a small presence in Somalia but the greatest threat is al-Shabaab. Political instability is the biggest problem facing the biodiversity and survival of the ecosystem. [3], The Federal Parliament is tasked with selecting the ultimate number and boundaries of the autonomous regional states (officially, Federal Member States) within the Federal Republic of Somalia. The study argues that efforts to improve maritime security in the Horn of Africa region have assumed a pattern in terms of which the concerns and perspectives of the developed world have tended to overshadow the agenda of the states in the region. Haddii uu sii jiro in ka badan, waxaa laga yaabaa iney calaamad u tahay dhibaato kale. Australia. This dichotomy is revealed, IGAD has, therefore, been engaged with the Somali conflict for almost two decades. Somalia is a federal republic consisting of five federal states as well as the claimed territory of Somaliland.Somalia is further subdivided into eighteen administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol), which are in turn subdivided into districts. The area receives the highest rainfall in Somali. The U.S. has launched at least 50 airstrikes this year against the al Qaeda-affiliated al-Shabaab. Northern Somali is a maritime semi-desert covered with shrubs, small bushes and grass clumps and shallow watercourses. THE SOMALI REGION OF ETHIOPIA Assessment and Recommendations JUNE 2020 Outside Addis Ababa, the Somali Regional State of Ethiopia has suffered the highest number of COVID-19 cases, and infections are rapidly rising. Rainfall is extremely low with a year average of around 100 to 200 millimeters. Africa. ii DECLARATION This research project report is my original work and has not been … The topography is characterized by hills and massifs rising to 1300 meters and fault-induced depressions such as the Danakil, which lies 155 meters below sea level. Northern Somali is a maritime semi-desert covered with shrubs, small bushes and grass clumps and shallow watercourses. This nascent but important sector uses artisanal methods to fish for tuna, sharks, reef fishes, lobsters, and others that are sold locally or regionally. The ecosystem consists of savanna, forests, and swamps. Ethiopia Administrative Regions, Cities and Population - Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic composed of 9 National Regional states: namely Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR), Gambella And Harari and two Administrative states (Addis Ababa City administration and Dire Dawa city council). Mogadishu is the capital; other large cities are Hargeisa, Berbera, and Kismayo. Search GoMapper: Home: Africa: Somalia: Countries Nearby: List of Countries Near Somalia. Except for the arid coastal area in the north, the Somalis occupy true nomad regions of plains, coarse grass, and streams. [10], List of regions of Somalia by Human Development Index, "SOMALIA: South-west state endorses a new constitution", "New President elected for Hir-Shabelle state", "The Federal Republic of Somalia - Harmonized Draft Constitution", "Guidebook to the Somali Draft Provisional Constitution", "Somali parliament endorses the bill of boundaries and federalism", "Cabinet approves Bills for National Electoral Commission, Boundary and Federalization Commission and a $216 M budget for 2015", http://somalireview.com/2016/10/somalias-regional-states-submit-upper-house-nominations/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=States_and_regions_of_Somalia&oldid=999290144, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 12:31. As of 2016, Somalia is officially divided into 5 federal member states:[8][3]. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution, Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Ethiopian Xeric Grasslands and Shrublands, Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane Coastal Forest Mosaic, Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Somali Acacia-Commiphora Bushlands and Thickets, Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands. Below are the regions of Somalia, along with their capitals shown in brackets: President of Somalia Mohamed Siad Barre established five of these regions in 1974–75 for political reasons: Middle Juba, Lower Juba, Gedo, Bay and Bakool;[9] Banaadir shrank to Mogadishu city only at the same time. The East African mangrove forests belong to the biome of tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. G.W.B. pop. 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